Month: December 2013

More on the Zone of Proximal Development

Ok, so we’ve established that the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) is the difference between what a learner already knows (their actual development level, developed “retrospectively”(Aljaafreh & Lantolf, 1994, p. 468)) and what they can do when assisted (the ZPD, developed prospectively (ibid)), and it is virtually impossible to discover the novice’s ZPD without dialogic …

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Learning words by frequency

The 2000 most common English words cover around 75-78% of modern English used today and therefore vocabulary should be prioritised by frequency or by importance to your own needs. Knowing this much vocabulary will allow you to function in English, however what does it mean to know a word? Knowing a word means you understand …

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Vocabulary Learning in a Second Language

In this post I will give some tips on learning vocabulary in a second language that have been proven to be effective through empirical studies.  Firstly you need to know what vocabulary you should learn, which means you should have a good idea of your current level. For anyone learning English as a Second language …

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Ways to learn vocabulary in a second language

Finding the vocabulary you should learn is the easy part, actually learning it is much more difficult. There are two main ways vocabulary can be learnt and there are a few terms for each way; intensive/ explicit learning is when you purposefully study words through lists or word cards etc. Extensive or implicit learning is …

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