TIM BUNTING

KIWI YAMABUSHI

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Mother. Hunter. Mountain. Hokari-yama (Mt. Hokari)

ほかりやま 

母狩山

Kinbo Shugen Mountain with a strange name and amazing trails amongst the autumn leaves

I’d hate to put you off with this sensationalist title, but Mother Hunter Mountain is the true meaning of the name Hokari-yama, a peak along the Kinbo line of Shugen mountains that is impressive as its name is strange.

HOKARI-YAMA

Mt. Hokari, Mt. Hokariyama

母狩山ほかりやま 

Hokari-yama (母狩山ほかりやま) is a 751m (2463 ft.) peak in the Shonai region of Yamagata prefecture. Hokari-yama is best climbed from April to November. Hokari-yama is a level 2 in terms of physical demand, which means it is relatively easy to hike, has an A technical grade, which means it requires little expertise, and you want to allow at least 6 hours return for a climb.

Mountain Range

Maya-san (off the Asahi Mountain Range)

Region

Shonai

Elevation

751m (2463 ft.)

Technical Demand

A (requires little expertise)

Physical Demand

2 (relatively easy to climb)

Trails

One: Tanisada Trail (6 hours return)

Best time to climb

April to November

Day trip possible?

Yes

Minimum Time Required

6 hours

HOKARI-YAMA

Hokari-yama AKA Mother Hunter Mountain

Hokari-yama is Known for:

  • One of the Kinbo Shugen mountains, along with Kinbo-zan, Yoroga-mine, Yunosawa-dake, and Maya-san. These mountains branch off the Asahi Mountain Range
  • Legendary namesake
  • Autumn leaves

Besides its strange name, Hokari-yama has a really great trail through a deciduous forest leading the whole way to the summit from the Tanisada Trailhead in Kushibiki, Tsuruoka City. The thick forest covered in dead leaves reminded me of the nearby Fujikura-yama

along the Shonai Coast of the Sea of Japan, just to the west of Hokari-yama.

Unlike Fujikura-yama, however, Hokari-yama comes with a huge warning. The trail was barely signposted, so you’re definitely going to want to go with someone experienced, or with a detailed map, to make sure you’re going the right way. We spent the first 40 minutes going to a dead end, and that was followed what was a clear trail. Either way, this mountain is as good a spot as any in Yamagata to take in the autumn leaves, so it was definitely not time wasted!

What makes Hokari-yama ‘Mother Hunter Mountain’?

A straight waterfall surrounded by autumn foliage on Mt. Hokari, one of the 100 Famous Mountains of Yamagata
One of the waterfalls on Hokari-yama, if you see this though, you’ve gone the wrong way.

Of all the reasons you could think of for ‘hunting’ your mother, the real reason is quite tame. In the late Heian period (794–1185), two brothers of the Abe family were escaping from the feudal lord Minamoto no Yoshiie. Their mother had gone ahead of them, and this mountain is said to be where they were ‘hunting’… er… searching for her. 

Hokari-yama is part of the Kinbo Shugen group of mountains that lead up to Maya-san. After Kinbo-zan, you will find Yoroga-mine before reaching Hokari-yama (then Yunosawa-dake before Maya-san). Yoroga-mine is literally ‘the mountain of armour’, as it is said the two Abe brothers dropped off their armour here before heading up to Hokari-yama in search of their mother. 

It’s uncertain whether the Abe brothers ever did find their mother, but what is certain is that they stayed in the area. The region at the bottom of Hokari-yama is home to many families called Abe, which apparently is no coincidence. 

A gravel road leads through a deep cedar forest on the way up to Mt. Hokari
The path up to the Tanisada Trailhead of Hokari-yama

Getting to Hokari-yama: The Tanisada Trailhead

The dark shadow of Mt. Hokari with distinctive humps against a bright blue autumn sky
The two distinctive humps of Hokari-yama seen from the Tanisada hamlet

While there are officially two trailheads up Hokari-yama, The Tanisada Trailhead, and the Nagataki Trailhead, the Nagataki Trailhead is overgrown, and as such is not recommended at the current moment. The Tanisada Trailhead, however, is a great little hike, especially amongst the autumn leaves.

Once in the Tanisada hamlet, there is a farm road that goes up into the mountain, just up past Mitake shrine. This road takes you through some rice fields and other farmland at the foot of Hokari-yama, whose two humps at the summit are recognisable from miles away. Keep following this road up into the mountain and you will find yourself in a cedar forest that leads up a gravel road to a dam. This is where the road stops, and since there are no signs it’s hard to know for sure, but this is the Tanisada Trailhead up Hokari-yama.

There is only enough space for two or three cars up here, even less if it’s wet and muddy, so you may need to park further down the road a little bit and walk up. While there are no signs, behind this dam is where the trail starts proper. 

Two cars parked at the end of the gravel road at the Tanisada Trailhead to Mt. Hokari.
The Tanisada Trailhead to Hokari-yama is located at a damn, and has enough space for about three cars. We had to park alongside the road.

The Tanisada Trailhead up Hokari-yama (6 hours return)

One bright red tree stands out amongst the green autumn leaves of Mt. Hokari
Some of the autumn foliage on the way up Hokari-yama

Although it starts out at a dam, The Tanisada Trailhead up Hokari-yama is really quite gorgeous. Just make sure you go the right way. For starters, you have to know how to get there. If you’re going to climb Hokari-yama, go with someone who has experience climbing this mountain specifically, or make sure you use a map on the trail, such as the one from the YAMAP app (although, it did get me lost on the way there). Regardless, this mountain is not for beginners. 

If you don’t have this assistance, you risk going on a 40 minute trail to nowhere like we did, and if you’re not careful, you may also end up going down the completely wrong mountain like we nearly did. The signage on Hokari-yama simply didn’t exist, and if we hadn’t used the YAMAP app, in all truth, we probably wouldn’t have been able to find the way up. 

Our experience climbing Hokari-yama

Tsuruoka City and Mt. Chokai covered in cloud seen from the paths of Mt. Hokari AKA Mother Hunter Mountain
Tsuruoka City with Chokai-zan in the distance seen from Hokari-yama

In all honesty, I tried hiking Hokari-yama twice. The first time I went by myself and the rain got really bad basically as soon as I had arrived. I wasn’t prepared to film in the conditions, so I turned back. Thankfully this gave me the chance to be certain I had the right trailhead, although as previously mentioned, there were no signs and I inevitably got lost. 

What happened was, I plugged the link from the YAMAP app into Google maps, but it turns out this only made things worse. I spent about 20 minutes navigating a gravel road deep in a cedar forest, only to realise the map had taken me up the wrong gravel road. I only found my way to the right gravel road by tracing the road from the YAMAP app back to my current location, and I must say for an app with a white background, light grey is not a good colour for roads. 

Hiker walks through the bright orange forests of Mt. Hokari
Peeter (Insta: @peeteraarismaa) on the trail up Hokari-yama

Making it to the Tanisada Trailhead of Hokari-yama

Mt. Gassan covered in cloud with bright red and orange leaves in the foreground seen from the summit of Mt. Hokari
On clear days, Gassan is easily visible from the summit of Hokari-yama

I got there in the end, and went up the path probably 100m only to realise I was going to get very wet. So I made the executive decision to turn back and come another day. 

That other day came very soon, and thankfully this time I knew exactly where Peeter and I needed to go. However, as strange as it sounds, our first mistake was following the trail as per normal. What I should have done is kept checking the YAMAP app. If I had done so, we probably would have noticed the pink markers much sooner. There were no signs at this point, so you absolutely must use a map on Hokari-yama!

A tiny brown frog found amongst the fallen leaves along the path up Mt. Hokari
This tiny fella was very hard to spot as he made an appearance on Hokari-yama

Going the wrong way up Hokari-yama

Hiker holds up a small wooden sign with a map of Mt. Hokari on the back
Peeter holding the sign at the summit of Hokari-yama with map on the back. If only we had this at the base!

The one path we originally found wasn’t all that bad though. It took us to another dam about 20 minutes up into the mountain. Thankfully the view was amazing; mountain stream, waterfalls, and of course the autumn leaves. However, it was only once we reached the dam, which turned out to be a dead end, that we realised we were headed in the wrong direction. 

So, naturally, we retraced our steps, and in the middle of the bush found the markers that designate the correct trail. No signage or anything, just a muddy path you can barely make out in the middle of some very thick bush!

The deep oranges of the beech forest on Mt. Hokari
The deciduous forests of Hokari-yama during the autumn leaves

Walking up the slippery slides of Hokari-yama

Holding a fluorescent yellow hornet hive after it has fallen off a tree on Mt. Hokari
A hornet hive that Peeter found on the trail. The photo doesn’t do it justice, but it was a fluorescent yellow meaning it must have just fallen off the tree.

The day we went was after a few days of rain, and the trail was extremely slippery. We basically walked on the branches of trees for a lot of this part of the trail because it was the only way to guarantee we wouldn’t slip. 

After navigating the slippery slides for about 10 minutes, thankfully the path became much more bearable, and we found ourselves in the middle of one of the most beautiful forests to be in during the autumn leaves. We followed the trail through a canopy of bright reds, yellows, oranges, and greens, and it made that struggle at the start very much worth it. This path lasts for quite a while, as the leaves on the trees little by little become barer and barer. 

The climb up Hokari-yama intensifies

A close-up of the summit of Mt. Hokari, featuring bald trees of brown about to completely lose their leaves
Nearing the summit of Hokari-yama. The trees gradually got barer and barer as we went up

You need your wits about you for the next section. Before long, the trail comes to the very narrow ridge of the mountain, just wide enough for one person to navigate with sheer drops on either side. 

Then, there are a few areas with tall beech trees and steep inclines requiring ropes to get up. Make sure you use these ropes, we slipped a few times while trying to get a good grip. After a few sections of rope, the trail meets what seems to be another trail, but is just an extension of the ridge that will take you essentially to the summit. 

Nearing the summit of Hokari-yama

The tiny towns of southern Tsuruoka seen through the autumn leaves of Mt. Hokari
The beech forests on Hokari-yama are amazing and every so often open up to grand views of Tsuruoka City

Here you take a right, and basically just keep heading up. Along the way there is another trail that loops back to the trailhead, we only knew this because we came across a group of hikers who told us, and actually handed us a map as they were on their way down. I have no idea where that trail comes out, but they had parked their cars at the same place as us, so there’s that. 

Then, you just keep following the ridge up towards the summit of Hokari-yama and before long the trees open up enough to give a really grand view of Yoroga-mine, Kinbo-zan, Tsuruoka City, the Shonai Plains, and Chokai-zan far off in the distance. 

Reaching the summit of Hokari-yama

The autumn leaves of Mt. Kinbo and Mt. Yorogamine, Tsuruoka City, and the Shonai coast of The Sea of Japan seen from Mt. Hokari
Yoroga-mine and Kinbo-zan seen from near the summit of Hokari-yama. Chokai-zan is covered in cloud in the background, and Tsuruoka is clearly in view.

This part of the climb was rather tough, there were a few points that looked like the summit but until you reach them you find out that they aren’t. This part of the path doesn’t take you all the way to the summit; there is a ‘T’ intersection at the top from where a right turn takes you down to Yoroga-mine and Kinbo-zan. The summit is only another 3 minutes to the left from here. 

A rusted and bent sign tied to a tree pointing the way to the summit of Mt. Hokari
Some of the only signage to be found on Hokari-yama, right near the summit.

At the summit of Hokari-yama there is a small clearing complete with sign and grand views of Gassan and the surrounding rice fields and tiny farming villages characteristic of the land. 

I dedicated my prayers to the mountain of the moon (Gassan), and we both grabbed some lunch before turning around and slowly making our way back down. 

Hokari-yama: In Conclusion

A sign stating ‘Mt. Hokari’ found at the summit that can be held up
Sign at the summit of Hokari-yama. To the right is the Nagataki Trail, although it is rather overgrown.

Hokari-yama was a really good challenge that was well rewarded with stunning views of the autumn leaves and out over the surrounding land. Although the mountain has a strange name, this means it has some history, and it was fun to imagine the two Abe brothers on the ‘hunt’ for their mother. Given the choice, I would hike Hokari-yama again, now that I know which path to take. But before that, I’d probably like to try and do a traverse, taking two cars and climbing from Yunosawa-dake to Kinbo-zan, passing by Hokari-yama. Obviously this would take much longer, but I think it would also be a really great way to take in the Kinbo Shugen mountains.

Locations Near Hokari-yama Worth Checking Out

The Yamabushi trails of Kinbo-zan

A yamabushi blowing his horagai conch from Mt. Kinbo
Blowing my conch during winter as we climbed Kinbo-zan

Hokari-yama is basically in the middle of the Kinbo Shugen mountains leading from Kinbo-zan at the base to Maya-san along the Asahi Mountain Range. Between Kinbo-zan and Hokari-yama lies Yoroga-mine, the mountain of armour, and between Hokari-yama and Maya-san lies Yunosawa-dake, another 100 Famous Mountain of Yamagata.

It should be possible to climb from Kinbo-zan to Maya-san, however I believe it would take a very long time, and you may be forced to stay on the mountain somewhere. 

It’s best to do these mountains separately, or to do a ‘traverse’ which was recommended to me by someone who had a say in which mountains were to become the 100 Famous Mountains of Yamagata. To do this, take two cars, drop one off at Kinbo-zan, and go from Yunosawa-dake or Hokari-yama from the eastern side, climbing down to Kinbo-zan where you can pick up the other cars.

Bananas and Cokes, Leaches and Pit Vipers; Kumanonaga-mine

Exploring the deep forest shrines of Mt. Kumanonagamine, with a stone path leading to a shrine up the top of a small hill
Working our way through the path to Yakushi Shrine on Kumanonaga-mine

Hokari-yama is located directly to the east of Kumanonagamine, another peak along the Shonai Coast of the Sea of Japan. As such, it would be easier to get to Kumanonaga-mine if you were to climb from the western side, but it’s not too far of a stretch to get there. Kumanonaga-mine is a tiny peak that can be climbed in an hour or two, so is less of a challenge, but has wetlands that sure are a great place to explore.

Conquering Japan on Nihon-koku

Go go go to Nihon-koku, a pun playing on the height (555 is read ‘go go go’ in Japanese)

If you’re looking for a shorter mountain to climb, Nihon-koku takes about one hour to get up, so two hours return, and is not too far away from Hokari-yama, relatively speaking (if you’re on the eastern side, you’ll have to double-round to the west, but that doesn’t take too long).

Nihon-koku is another 100 Famous Mountains of Yamagata list, Nihon-koku. Nihon-koku literally means ‘The Country of Japan’, so if you hike to its summit, you can truthfully say ‘I conquered Japan’.

Yutagawa Onsen

Rice fields with Mt. Kinbo in the distance
Climbing Kinbo-zan from Yutagawa Onsen. It would also be possible to climb Hokari-yama from here.

If you’re looking for somewhere to relax after a long hike on Hokari-yama, nearby Yutagawa Onsen will be your best bet. Yutagawa Onsen is one of Tsuruoka City’s three Onsen towns (the other two being Atsumi Onsen, and Yunohama), and is one of the coolest tiny townships in the whole Shonai region.

In Yutagawa, you will find one of my favourite Ryokan (Traditional Japanese Inn) in the region, Tsukasaya. Tsukasaya is run by the young Shoji family, and provides excellent cuisine foraged straight from the surrounding area (including Moso bamboo from Kinbo-zan in the Spring).

Takehiko Shoji, the husband, is a fellow Yamabushi and even a professional Sake sommelier, so he will definitely be able to find you something great to drink. Kanae Shoji, the wife, is fluent in English and has extensive experience serving Japanese and non-Japanese guests alike. In addition, the Ryokan has recently gone through renovations to be like brand new.

Atsumi Onsen and Atsumi-dake

A green Mt. Atsumi seen under a bright blue sky with huge white cloud
Atsumi-dake in Atsumi Onsen

Located at the southern end of Tsuruoka, with only Nezugaseki further south, Atsumi Onsen is a great spot for a walk amongst the Sakura in spring, or a visit to the rose garden in June. While you’re there though, if you’re not staying at Tachibanaya with their awesome onsen, do be sure to check out Chitto Mocche, a locally-run cafe that is famous for its outdoor foot baths.

For nearby mountains, and ones that are definitely worth the effort, Atsumi-dake is one of the 100 Famous Mountains of Yamagata located in Atsumi Onsen. Atsumi-dake is famous for its long mountain stream and as a former Shugendo mountain complete with Kumano Shrine and decommissioned Shukubo pilgrim lodge.

The Fishing Village of Nezugaseki

Itukushima Shrine in Nezugaseki
Itsukushima Shrine in the fishing town of Nezugaseki south of Atsumi Onsen.

Nezugaseki is the town at the southernmost point of Tsuruoka City’s Shonai coast, and was once one of the main checkpoints into the Ou region (the other two were in Shirakawa and Nakosonoseki). According to local legend, Nezugaseki was the checkpoint where the events of the famous Kabuki play Kanjincho took place.

The tiny fishing village of Nezugaseki has a few peculiarities worth checking out, such as Itsukushima Shrine, the Nenjunomatsu Garden, and Asahiya Sushi Restaurant. Itsukushima Shrine isn’t that grand, but it has many cool statues and artefacts and juts out on the coast where there is a pretty cool lighthouse to explore.

Resources:

母狩山 | やまがた山
片道:2時間(谷定集落から3時間) …yamagatayama.com

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About the author

Tim Bunting Kiwi Yamabushi

TIM BUNTING – KIWI YAMABUSHI

OFFICIAL DEWA SANZAN YAMABUSHI NAME:

RYOSEN – SPREADER OF TRUTH

Hi, I’m Tim Bunting AKA the Kiwi Yamabushi, a New Zealander who became a Yamabushi Ascetic in the Dewa Sanzan mountains of north Japan. I’m part of the Yamabushido team, and we host life-altering Yamabushi training on the Dewa Sanzan (website I made). People come to us for the ultimate mindfulness experience, to reach the next level, or simply connect with nature and themselves.

I’m on a mission to summit all 100 Famous Mountains of Yamagata Prefecture to spread the splendour of this fabulous location, and in dedication to all those who lost their lives out in nature, including my father.

Sign up for the Mountains of Wisdom mailer for updates, follow me on social (IG, FB, YT, Twitter, TikTok, CR, all @kiwiyamabushi), or send me an email to get in touch.

Tim.

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