Subscribe to the Mountains of Wisdom Mailer

* indicates required


Mt. Chokai


Hiking Guide: Mountains of The Shonai Region

Lying to the north-west of Yamagata Prefecture, The Shonai Region is characterised with the tallest peak in the Tohoku Region, Chokai-zan, as well as the three Dewa Sanzan mountains that lie practically in the centre of the prefecture. Then there are a few peaks connected to Chokai-zan, the Kinbo Shugen Mountains, and the ‘Shonai Alps’.

Chokai-zan and the Surrounding Peaks

Chokai-zan stands out like a sore thumb. The 2236 m behemoth is the real star of the show in the Shonai Region, and is even known as Dewa Fuji due to its resemblance to Japan’s tallest peak. Chokai-san is generally only climbable from July to mid-October, when the snow starts to fall.

One of the peaks on Chokai-zan is Shoga-dake, known for its fields of alpine flowers. Shoga-dake is also only accessible when Chokai-zan is.

Kashiwagi-yama on the island of Tobishima is the lowest peak on the 100 Famous Mountains of Yamagata list, and is believed to have been formed from an eruption on Chokai-zan.

If you keep heading south on the mountains from Chokai-zan, you will come across three peaks near the border of Sakata City and Mamurogawa and Tozawa Towns. Kyogakura-yama is a mini Haguro that backs on to Junino-taki, and directly to the south lies Taizo-san. Along with Yozo-san, Taizo-san was formerly one of the main paths connecting the Shonai Region with the Mogami Region.

Then, along the Mogami River lies the former ski field Tsuchiyu-yama on the borders of Shonai Town and Tozawa Village.

Besides Chokai-zan and Shoga-dake, these mountains are all below 1000 m, and can be hiked basically when there is no snow.

The Dewa Sanzan

The Dewa Sanzan are the three peaks of Haguro-san, Gassan, and Yudono-san that have been revered for millennia. At 1984 m, Gassan is the tallest of the three and is only open for hiking from July to mid-October. Yudono-san is only open usually from the start of Golden Week in early May to the start of November. All other times of the year, the two Kami of these peaks are moved to Dewa Sanzan Jinja on Haguro-san, which at a lowly 414 m above sea level is accessible year-round.

Lastly, Ubaga-take lies between Gassan and Yudono-san, and Shojiga-take, Tengusumotori-yama, and Ito-dake all lie along the south-east border of Tsuruoka City.

Kinbo Shugen Mountains and The Shonai Alps

The Shonai Region also boasts the Kinbo Shugen peaks that were once branch temples of Haguro-san; Kinbo-zan, Hokari-yama, Yunosawa-dake, and Maya-san. Nearby lie the ‘Shonai Alps’ along the Sea of Japan coast; Takadate-yama, Arakura-yama, Fujikura-yama, Kumanonaga-mine, and Atsumi-dake, with an honorable mention for Nihon-koku that lies further inland.

Besides Maya-san, all of these mountains are below 1,000 m and are great places to explore in spring and autumn (summer is too hot, best to go to the taller mountains!). Some mountains are even low enough for snowshoe hiking in winter, such as Takadate-yama.

Municipalities and Mountains of Shonai

The Shonai Region comprises (from north to south) Yuza town, Sakata City, Shonai Town, Mikawa Town, and Tsuruoka City, with only Mikawa Town not having any 100 Famous Mountains of Yamagata.

Tim Bunting Kiwi Yamabushi


Hi, I’m Tim Bunting AKA the Kiwi Yamabushi, a New Zealander who became a Yamabushi Ascetic in the Dewa Sanzan mountains of north Japan. I’m part of the Yamabushido team, and we host life-altering Yamabushi training on the Dewa Sanzan (website link). People come to us for the ultimate mindfulness experience, to reach the next level, or simply connect with nature and themselves.

I’m on a mission to summit all 100 Famous Mountains of Yamagata Prefecture to spread the splendour of this fabulous location, and in dedication to all those who lost their lives out in nature, including my father.

On my daily blog I post thoughts of a practicing Yamabushi that I hope people can use to better themselves and live as fulfilling a life as possible.

Sign up to the weekly Mountains of Wisdom newsletter, follow me on social (Instagram, Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, TikTok, Clubhouse, all @kiwiyamabushi), or send me an email via the link below to stay in touch.



Subscribe to my weekly yamabushi newsletter


painting of a boxer on wall
The ultimate Dojo
man wearing black cap with eyes closed under cloudy sky
Some feelings you can’t outlogic
frozen wave against sunlight
Creativity is your girlfriend


Not being able to take criticism
Speak up and act out
Swift boat rocking


Why Meditation is a Powerful Tool for the Modern World
Tim Bunting AKA KiwiYamabushi playing the Horagai Conch on Mt. Kinbo during the winter. Photo by David Lips
Hearing the echo
Your/ you’re unique


Get In Touch

Sakata City, Yamagata, Japan 


All photos my own. Contact for more. 

Share this:

Like this:

Like Loading...
Scroll to Top
%d bloggers like this: